Adolescent Identity after TBI: What Clinicians Need to Know

25 May 2022

Adolescent Identity after TBI: What Clinicians Need to Know

Adolescence is a time of rapid change and development, particularly as it pertains to self-identity formation (Steinberg, 2020). The development of identity is a key developmental task of adolescence. However, identity formation is complicated by biopsychosocial disruptions caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI) (Di Battista et al., 2014; Ylvisaker & Feeney, 2000). There is a growing body of literature on the impact of TBI on identity formation and reconstruction post-TBI in adults, as well as recommended rehabilitation approaches (D’Cruz et al., 2020; Whiffin et al., 2019). A paucity of research exists, however, on rehabilitation techniques that address the issue of how adolescents with TBI can reshape and form their identities post-TBI.

In this presentation, we will discuss the results of a mapping review of the literature on adolescents with TBI that was conducted using the Y-shaped process model of rehabilitation (Gracey et al., 2009) to map identity formation and reconstruction onto literature on adolescents with TBI. Key objectives discussed will include:

  1. Description of developmental features of typical adolescent identity formation;
  2. Impact of TBI on identity;
  3. Results of mapping review on adolescent identity post-TBI;
  4. Implications for rehabilitation professionals

The intended audience includes rehabilitation professionals, and individuals with lived experience with TBI