Sex and gender implications for clinicians attending to patients with traumatic brain injury

Sex and gender implications for clinicians attending to patients with traumatic brain injury

The initiation and translation of sex-and gender-specific research findings into clinically useful considerations in traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been difficult, despite evidence that biological sex (i.e., which constitutes the biological and physiological bases that make male and female individuals distinct from one another) and social gender (i.e., norms, behaviours, relations that are socialized based on sex at birth) play a major role in the incidence, clinical presentation, and outcomes of TBI. This presentation covers results of research program “A gender transformative approach to improve outcomes and equity among persons with traumatic brain injury” supported by the CIHR Institutes of Gender and Health, emerged from in- depth interviews with patients, their significant others, and clinicians. We will highlight familial and social expectations placed on men and women and attitudes towards relevance of topics of sex and gender in TBI recovery, as expressed by our research participants.